Hammerson, G. 2004. Philadelphia, 21: 100, but this was aÂ Nomen nudum*. Sci., 45: 302), which was laterÂ elevated to full species. The Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) and Eastern Red-Backed Salamander (Plethodon cinereus) are both very similar but often have an orange or yellow dorsal stripe and have lighter, "salt-and-peppered" chins. In coding theory, a zigzag code is a type of linear error Diet:Â Small invertebrates, especially spiders and beetles. Northern Zigzag Salamander 13. *Â Nomen nudumÂ is Latin for “naked name”. It is endemic to the eastern United States. Black and white belly markings. The northern zigzag salamander's natural habitat includes temperate forests, rocky areas, and caves. Breeding information:Â Northern Zigzag Salamanders breed terrestrially during the fall and spring. Occurs in the eastern two-thirds of TN below 2500 ft. Zigzag Salamander fairly recently split into Northern and Southern Zigzag (P. ventralis) Salamander, which appear identical. Belly red with dark dots. A zigzag, lobed, straight or wavy Northern Zigzag Salamanders are distributed from Indiana southward to southern Alabama. The northern zigzag salamander, Plethodon dorsalis , uses mild skin secretions, immobility with coiling, cryptic coloration, and tail autotomy upon contact with predators. Northern Zigzag Salamander, Plethodon dorsalis Occurs in the eastern two-thirds of TN below 2500 ft. Zigzag Salamander fairly recently split into Northern and Southern Zigzag (P. ventralis) Salamander, which appear identical. Status in Tennessee:Â One of the more abundant salamanders in TN. It has been found in Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, rocky areas, and caves. The northern zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. During mid-summer, individuals move deeper into soil, sometimes encountering moist cave passages where they accumulate in large numbers. Bull. The living ones are frogs (including toads), salamanders (including newts) and caecilians. dorsalisÂ BairdÂ InÂ Cope, 1869, Proc. Seasonally abundant in woodlands around rocky springs and cave entrances. It is threatened by habitat loss. Northern Zigzag Salamander Scientific Name â Plethodon dorsalis It is a lungless salamander. Northern zigzag salamander is a small, slender salamander belonging to the family Plethodontidae, found only in the United States. Natural History:Â In late autumn and spring, during rainy periods, it may be abundant under rocks on forested hillsides. Northern zigzag salamander (P. dorsalis) Cope, 1889 Dunn's salamander (P. dunni) Bishop, 1934 Northern ravine salamander (P. electromorphus) Highton, 1999 Del Norte salamander (P. elongatus) Van Denburgh, 1916 () Duncan The northern zigzag salamander's natural habitat includes temperate forests, rocky areas, and caves. Striking geographic variation in back stripe that extends from head to tail tip; in southeastern counties, it is a broad reddish (sometimes yellow) zigzag or has wavy edges; in some individuals, it is yellow, gray, or black. Best places to see in Tennessee:Â Moist, rocky slopes in middle TN or Cumberland Plateau. The northern zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is a red-backed or uniformly dark salamander. Description (modified from Smith, 1961):Â A smallÂ (up to 11 cm TL), slender, red-backed or uniformly dark salamander similar to the redback salamander, but differing over much of its range in having a strongly lobulated (zigzag rather than straight-edged) red or yellow mid-dorsal band, or a straight-edged mid-dorsal stripe; costal grooves 16-18; 3.5 to 7.5 costal folds between toe tips of adpressed limbs; tail length of adult usually less than snout-vent length; shoulder or interhumeral region pigmented with orange or red; mental gland prominent in male. Â However, the species is known from Parke Co., Indiana, two counties due east. Southern Zigzag Salamander distinguished from identical Northern Zigzag Salamander by range and genetic analysis. Northern Zigzag Salamander Plethodon dorsalis (Cope, 1889) Key Characters: Reddish or yellowish back stripe broadly zig-zagged, or narrow and straight edged; orange marks around bases of front legs. Email the Web Administrator with questions or comments. wikiHow is here to help with the latter (because salamanders Females lay 3-9 eggs in underground cavities or in cave entrances during the spring and summer. Â In Illinois, the lead phase of the Red-backed Salamander does not occur in the same geographical location as the lead phase of the Zigzag SalamanderÂ (Mississippi River of SW Illinois). Â© 2018â2020 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. For permissions information, contact the Illinois Natural History Survey. Small white flecks occur on back and sides giving a metallic appearance. The geographic range of northern zigzag salamanders was considered to include central Alabama and western Georgia until the discovery of Webster's salamanders (P. websteri), a sibling species (Highton, 1979) with a potentially narrow contact zone with southern zigzag salamanders (P. â¦ Bulletin of the United States National Museum 34: 5-525 (p. 138). Similar Species:Â Eastern Red-backed Salamander has a straight-edged dorsal stripe. Rather, their eggs develop directly into tiny versions of the adults. It is endemic to the United States. Type Specimen:Â Syntypes are USNM 3776A-D; USNM 3776A was designated the lectotype by Highton (1962. It is endemic to the eastern United States. Another fact is that they are relatively easy to take care of--provided that you know how to do so correctly. northern zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) The northern zigzag salamander averages two and one-half to three and one-half inches in length. This woodland species lives in Missouriâs southwestern counties along the Arkansas border. Just throw 'em all in here. Habitat:Â Moist, rocky forests. A little different from my other videos, this is just some plain footage of Northern zigzag salamanders. It was more surprised than I was and made no move to escape until I had picked it up for a portrait. Southern zigzag salamanders (Plethodon ventralis) occur in scattered sites from northern Mississippi east-northeast to southeastern Virginia, including sites in northern Alabama and Georgia, eastern Tennessee, and western North Carolina. Females remain with the eggs until hatching in the fall. Embryos of the terrestrial red-backed salamander, zigzag salamander and northern slimy salamander undergo direct development and have no larval stage. Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are on a feeding frenzie, Night Hawks and Purple Martins have begun their journey's south. Key Characters:Â Reddish or yellowish back stripe broadly zig-zagged, or narrow and straight edged; orange marks around bases of front legs. INHS Herpetology Collection One fact of life is that salamanders have cute faces. Gotta be some kind of bryophyte, tho (moss-like fern allies such as Selaginella and lycopods would work too I guess). Acad. Until 1997, Alabama populations were known as northern zigzag salamanders, Plethodon dorsalis. It is threatened by habitat loss. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, rocky areas, and caves.It is threatened by habitat loss. notes This is the 'lead' phase of the northern zigzag salamander. At the present time, 57 amphibian species are known to occur in Kentucky (35 types of salamanders and 22 frogs and toads). The southern zigzag salamander is very common and is ranked as a species of lowest conservation concern. Original Description:Â Cope, E. D. 1889. camera Nikon 995 photo category: Animal - Amphibian MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ANIMAL common names Northern Zigzag Salamander, Zigzag for Sci. This species also occursÂ in a brownish-gray color morph without the zigzag. Illinois Natural History Survey â¢ Prairie Research Institute. 1 Salamanders of WV West Virginia has 34 species of salamanders that range in length from 4 inches to 2 feet. The Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family. Submitted by Ashton smith During the warmer months of the summer, these salamanders retreat to the mouths of caves and to underground burrows where it is cooler and moist. Plethodon ventralis Highton, 1997 Southern Zigzag Salamander David A. Beamer 1 Michael J. Lannoo 2 1. Nat. Champaign, IL 61820. Subspecies:Â In the past, two subspecies were recognized; the Eastern Zigzag Salamander,Â P.Â d.Â dorsalisÂ and the Western Zigzag Salamander,Â P.Â d.Â angusticlavius,Â Grobman, 1944 (Ann. They are restricted to the unglaciated regions of Indiana and are found primarily in the west-central, south-central, and southeastern parts of the state. Pictures of salamanders posed on moss. Amphibians are members of the class Amphibia. FALL MIGRATION has begun. Sci., 6: 277), Original Name:Â Plethodon cinereus dorsalisÂ Cope, 1889. Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) Adult from Monroe county, Indiana. Â Repeated attempts to find more specimens in this area have failed. Northern Zigzag Salamanderã®æå³ãä½¿ãæ¹ åºå ¸:ãWikipediaã (2011/04/14 11:29 UTC ç)The Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a spec... - ç´1161ä¸èªããè±åè¾å ¸ã»åè±è¾å ¸ãçºé³ã»ã¤ãã£ãªã ãåãã zigzag carving. Females have been observed brooding eggs in rock crevices in a southern Illinois cave June through September. Similar Species:Â The red phase of theÂ Red-backed Salamander,Â P.Â cinereus, has a straight-edged mid-dorsal stripe and is generally a larger salamander than the Zig-zag. All rights reserved. Description:Â A small, dark-colored salamander (2.5 to 3.5 inches in length) with a red or orangish wavy pattern, or âzigzagâ, extending from the neck down the back to the base of the tail where it straightens out. After hatching they are tadpoles, which live in the water and have gills. The Ozark zigzag salamander is small, slender, and dark, with a narrow, somewhat lobed dorsal stripe that can be yellow, orange, or red. (Source: Wikipedia, â¦ It is endemic to the United States. Â It was finally recognized as a full species in 1953. In counties bordering the Mississippi River, the back stripe is narrower, nearly straight sided, and either red or absent (lead phase). The northern zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. Amphibians lay their eggs in water, usually in a foam nest. It is only about six to 11 cm long. Â Thurow (1956,Â Herpetologica 12: 177-182) gives a long list of characters that can be used to distinguishÂ P.Â cinereusÂ fromÂ P.Â dorsalis.Â SeeÂ Key to Illinois SalamandersÂ for help with identification. Northern zigzag salamander Plethodon dorsalis LC Dunnâs salamander Plethodon dunni LC Northern ravine salamander Plethodon electromorphus LC Del Norte salamander Plethodon elongatus NT Fourche Mountain salamander It is endemic to the United States. Watson Cheat Mountain Salamander by Sam Norris. Amphibians (Class Amphibia) form a moderately diverse group consisting of about 4,100 species worldwide including more that 3,700 kinds of frogs and nearly 400 kinds of salamanders. Ozark Zigzag Salamander- Plethodon angusticlavius While cleaning up the ground layer of logs on an old wood pile before winter set in I came across a seasonal surprise, a salamander with a red back. New York Acad. "Spring lizards," "newts," and "salamanquesas" are also welcome; however, if you insist on using the phrase "snot lizard" to describe salamanders, please find another group to post your photos. 607 East Peabody Drive It is one of 55 species in the genus Plethodon. Nomenclatural History:Â OriginallyÂ named as a subspecies ofÂ P.Â cinereusÂ in 1889, workers elevated and sunk this species several times, but no junior synonyms were named, with the exception ofÂ Plethodon erythronotus var. Habitat:Â PrefersÂ moist habitat of rocky hillsides, forested slopes, leaf litter, and entrances to caves. Etymology:Â PlethodonÂ – pletho (Greek) for crowd, multitude, fullness; odon (Greek) tooth;Â dorsalisÂ – dorsum (Latin) back. Historical versus Current Distribution. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, rocky areas, and caves. The Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family.It is endemic to the United States. They are four-legged vertebrates which are cold blooded. In the structure, a zigzag chain consists of [Fe(1)O5(OH)] and [Fe(2)O5(O etal ions in the octahedral sites resulting in zigzag chains of M(O,OH,F)6 octahedra. The Zigzag Salamander also has orange coloration around the axila ("armpits"). The northern zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. The Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) is relatively small as compared to other salamander. Florida State Mus., Biol. Southern zigzag salamanders are found with Pigeon Mountain salamanders (P. petraeus), northern slimy salamanders (P. glutinosus), green salamanders (Aneides aeneus), long-tailed salamanders (Eurycea longicauda), cave salamanders (E. lucifuga), and spring salamanders (Gyrinophilus porphyriticus) on Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, Georgia (Wynn et al., 1988). Belly is gray or black with orange or reddish speckles. It has been found in Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi. Batrachia of North America. Distribution Notes:Â Only two specimens are known from Vermilion Co., IL, both in the collection of the University of Illinois Museum of Natural History, and both collected by Alvin Cahn in 1926 from “strip mines near Danville”. Natural Resources Building Northern Zigzag Salamander Pictures Gallery Â This means that the name was published without an acceptable description.