Arctic ecosystem services threatened by climate change and other human activities. Adaptation in a Changing Arctic: Ecosystem Services, Communities and Policy Summary Project Leader Smit, Barry This project documents the changing physical, biological and socio-economic conditions that are affecting people in the Arctic and identifies policies and strategies to assist communities in dealing with these changes. SEARCH activities are supported by a collaborative grant from the National Science Foundation Division of Polar Programs, Arctic Sciences Section to the International Arctic Research Center (IARC; PLR-1331100 ) and the Arctic Research Consortium of the US (ARCUS; PLR-1331083). | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate valuation, the results of which can be communicated to decision-ma- Led by the Stockholm Environment Institute and the Stockholm Resilience Centre. The other main thrust is to identify the opportunities in existing policies and co-management arrangements for adaptation strategies to help communities deal with changing conditions. Arctic ecosystem services. The study identifies many themes in Arctic ecosystems and research opportunities. The ES framework may offer a means to clarify the trade-offs between tourism and other resource utilization activities. First systematic review of literature on ecosystem services in the Arctic. Many people in the Arctic … Changes in wildlife habitats likely will also affect trophic cascades, ecosystem function, and ecosystem services; of particular significance are the projected declines in habitats of most small mammals that form the prey base for mesocarnivores and raptors, and habitat declines in 25 of the 50 bird and mammal species used for subsistence hunting and trapping. Wed, Feb 27, 2019. The site contains conclusions from the projects and activities of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), the biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council. As the Arctic thaws, this critical, climate-stabilizing ecosystem service is being lost. Researchers from the University of Iceland and University of Vermont recently published their study "Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review" in early 2019. The study concludes that more primary studies of Arctic ES are needed on all of the main themes as well as governance initiatives to move Arctic ES research from theory to practice. In the context of the Arctic Council this means comprehensive and integrated management of human activities based on the best available scientific, traditional and local knowledge about the ecosystem. Polar ecosystem, complex of living organisms in polar regions such as polar barrens and tundra.. Polar barrens and tundra are found at high latitudes on land surfaces not covered by perpetual ice and snow. PES arrangements have, in recent years, been on the rise due to increased interest from the public agencies, businesses, and non-profit organizations in addressing particular environmental issues. Moreover, Arctic wetlands are globally important, through their role as bird habitats and migration pathways, and linkages with climate regulation and other global ecosystem functions. Shedding Light on Arctic Marine Ecosystem Services | Field Report. Arctic Data Ecosystem Map (DRAFT) The objective of this activity is to establishing a map of the arctic data management “ecosystem” or “universe”. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Grant agreement ID: 869383 . Painstakingly accomplished on google drive . These are commonly classified into provisioning, regulating and cultural services. Wetlands constitute a large part of the Arctic and their role for sustainable development is critical, as they are directly related to climate change and adaptation, biodiversity, ecosystem services, and the livelihood of indigenous and local peoples. SEARCH activities are supported by a collaborative grant from the National Science Foundation Division of Polar Programs, Arctic Sciences Section to the International Arctic Research Center (IARC; PLR-1331100 ) and the Arctic Research Consortium of the US (ARCUS; PLR-1331083). The other main thrust is to identify the opportunities in existing policies and co-management Access maps and map services related to changes in the Arctic. Discover new content about the various Arctic systems . Resource Library | Article Resource Library Article Arctic Ecosystem Arctic Ecosystem Coloring Page. The meta-synthesis of the literature reveals that the ES concept is increasingly being applied in the Arctic context in all five themes, but there remain large knowledge gaps concerning mapping, assessment, economic valuation, analysis of synergies, trade-offs, and underlying mechanisms, and the social effects of ES changes. Back. Ecosystem services can benefit people in many ways, either directly or as inputs into the production of other goods and services. by University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science that applied the concept of ecosystem services in an Arctic context between 2005 and 2018. Managing Arctic marine ecosystems. Five key themes were identified: (1) general discussion of Arctic ES, (2) Arctic social-ecological systems, (3) ES valuation, (4) ES synergies and/or trade-offs, and (5) integrating the ES perspective into management. The study presents the first systematic review of the existing literature on Arctic ES. Systematic conclusions on Arctic ecosystem services and their status and trends cannot yet be made based on the data gathered in the scoping study. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Researchers studying the Bering and Chukchi seas for three weeks in October found no ice and a surprisingly active ecosystem as they added another year’s data to a key climate Home. Potential catch limits for Antarctic krill Status Ongoing project . Arctic Ecosystem Services: Interviews from Norway, Russia, Alaska..(and Canada) Vera Helene Hausner Associate Professor ….and the tundra team . The study presents the first systematic review of the existing literature on Arctic ES. Assessments of climate‐change effects on ecosystem processes and services in high‐latitude regions are hindered by a lack of decision‐support tools capable of forecasting possible future landscapes. Students gather original data from a select number of sources used by the author and then calculate the annual value of the arctic in an Excel spreadsheet. Since 2000, the Arctic has warmed more than twice as fast as the rest of the planet, the report says. This is both a concept map indicating projects, services and relationships as well as a geographic map indicating location (in a future iterations). Emily McKenzie jointly with Katherine Wyatt: Understanding Ecosystem Services and a Changing Climate for Sustainable Decision Making in the Arctic … The Resilience Alliance is a collaborating partner. Next. Ecosystem-Based Management in the Arctic Ocean: A Multi-Level Spatial Approach ROBERT SIRON,1 KENNETH SHERMAN,2 HEIN RUNE SKJOLDAL3 and ELIZABETH HILTZ4 (Received 26 June 2007; accepted in revised form 11 January 2008) ABSTRACT. Red indicates declines in services, green increases in services, while white indicates lack of knowledge. Supporting services Provisioning services Regulating services Cultural services Researchers from the University of Iceland and University of Vermont recently published their study "Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review" in early 2019. Governance of Arctic Ecosystem Services This report chapter explains that the importance of, the scarcity of, and the wide range of benefits from ecosystem services must be communicated to private and public decision-makers by means of laws, regulations, financial incentives and … Managing Arctic marine ecosystems. A 35-year trend in arctic sea ice melt season length, in days per decade, from passive microwave satellite observations, illustrating that the sea ice season has shortened by more than 60 days in coastal … Sustainable poverty alleviation from coastal ecosystem services (SPACES). Carbon also cycles through the web from atmosphere to seawater and back. Applying the Search, Appraisal, Synthesis and Analysis (SALSA) and snowballing methods and three selection criteria, 33 publications were sourced, including peer-reviewed articles, policy papers and scientific reports, and their content synthesised using the thematic analysis method. Shifting functions Arctic biodiversity change and its consequences: Assessing, monitoring and predicting the effects of ecosystem tipping cascades on marine ecosystem services and dependent human systems. Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2019.100898. In the context of the Arctic Council this means comprehensive and integrated management of human activities based on the best available scientific, traditional and local knowledge about the ecosystem. Definition of ecosystem services Ecosystem services are the benefits provided to humans through the transformations of resources (or environmental assets, including land, water, vegetation and atmosphere) into a flow of essential goods and services e.g. Ecosystem services, outputs, conditions, or processes of natural systems that directly or indirectly benefit humans or enhance social welfare. Landscape or 'territorial' metabolism: an industrial ecology approach underpinned by economic input-output analysis and material flow (Mateo Cordier, UVSQ, 12 h lecture + practical on a case-study). Arctic ecosystem services threatened by climate change and other human activities. These include provisioning of fishery products, nutrient cycling, climate regulation and the maintenance of biodiversity, with associated cultural and aesthetic benefits. Valuation of Arctic ecosystem services. 33 publications and five main themes identified in the meta-synthesis. The report will examine cases on identification and management of ecosystem services for Arctic wetlands in the context of various projects for the development of territories, i.e. The Arctic ecosystem has a unique, complex food web that is fashioned by its distinctive plankton, animal species, and environmental factors. Measuring changes in ecosystem services depends on both ecosystem functions and human well-being Ecosystems Human well-Ecosystem being . Adaptation in a Changing Arctic: Ecosystem Services, Communities and Policy Project Leader Barry Smit (University of Guelph) ... information about community use of these ecosystem services. H2020-EU.3.5.1. The climate of the Arctic parklands varies from the extreme continental interior Alaska (Gates of the Arctic National Park & Preserve) to the more maritime coastal areas of the parks bordering the Chukchi Sea (Bering Land Bridge National Preserve and Cape Krusenstern National Monument). These services benefit Arctic residents directly, providing food and material benefits as well as supporting indigenous cultures, including language. UArctic International Secretariatc/o University of LaplandP.O. The first study to evaluate all of the Arctic ecosystem services to date was recently published in the Journal of Ecosystem Services. It provides understanding of how ecosystem processes are regulated by abiotic and biotic factors, such as nutrient availability, the Arctic climate and plant-soil-organism interactions and its relationship to the ecosystem function. The Milne Ice Shelf is seen before its collapse last summer. Fact Sheet. In the Arctic region, many current and emerging business... Identifying interdependencies and opportunities. increasingglobalinterestintheregionmeansthatthisisnolongeran Arctic-only issue. Abstract. This module involves students conducting a partial replication of a paper from the peer reviewed journal, Ecosystem Services, that involves estimating the total economic value of ecosystem services in the arctic. Ecosystem service valuations and examination of synergies and trade-offs are increasing. Arctic Ocean Ecosystem: Home Abiotic Factors Biotic Factors Predator-Prey Relationship Example Parasite-Host Relationship Example Producer-Consumer-Decomposer Food Web Bibliography Food Web. New Research on Arctic Ecosystem Services. The study identifies many themes in Arctic ecosystems and research opportunities. Similarly, environmental practitioners might assess that the project would have a negligible impact … Fact Sheet ; Fact Sheet ; Project Information . Sentinel North International PhD School | July 12-24, 2018 . The Arctic Council has developed a framework for implementing an ecosystem approach to management. Researchers from the University of Iceland and University of Vermont recently published their study “Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review” in early 2019. The study presents the first systematic review of the existing literature on Arctic ES. ACAP is an Arctic Council Working Group that works to reduce emissions of pollutants into the environment. Practical work on the monitoring of ecosystem services in the context of agricuture on the Saclay Plateau (Paris area; 6h). Key Messages This project provides insights into how Arctic Alaska’s shoreline is 44,000 miles long, more than double the length of the East and West coasts combined, providing a diversity of habitats for marine life and supporting important ecosystem services for Alaska’s communities and economy. End date 31 May 2024. The Arctic Council has developed a framework for implementing an ecosystem approach to management. Warwick Vincent, a biology professor at Laval University who has worked in the Arctic for more than two decades, say such dramatic changes point to the need for greater protection for parts of the Arctic that will be the last to hold on to sea ice as the world warms. An analysis of thresholds affecting Arctic ecosystem services and the ability of ecosystems and society to adapt or transform. The notion of ecosystem services, with its perspective focused on the benefits derived from human-ecosystem interactions, provides a platform for examining the impacts of changes that are taking place in the Arctic. Phytoplankton and algae take up carbon dioxide from seawater and transform it into the organic carbon of their tissue. clean air, water, and food (Constanza et al. Download, print, and color illustrations of marine ecosystems and animals. Provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads the Journal of ecosystem services in an Arctic Council Group! 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