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Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Did you get any answers? //--> Hardness is 830 pounds and 1,320 pounds for American and rock respectively. Identifying Characteristics. Its high resistance to the splitting makes it the best choice for a wide range of furniture manufacturing. American Elm is a tough and durable hardwood. Can’t find any info on elm outdoor furniture, I had a very large Elm tree, 2 foot diameter, and once down, cut it into slices to make steps up the hill side. american elm tree icon in trendy design style. 'dimension5': 'genewengert', Consequently, large and mature American Elms are uncommon. The American Elm tree is native to North America with long, straight, trunks were often used for keels in ship construction. Once a strong crotch has developed, prune off all branches below the crotch. Its strong wood, resistance to wind damage and rapid growth made it a popular choice. Pricing/Availability: Should be moderately priced, though availability from mature trees has been greatly diminished by Dutch elm disease. Paler sapwood is usually well defined. The vast majority show no sign of disease. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. American pioneers used elm wood for wagon wheels. Gene Wengert, “The Wood Doctor” has been training people in efficient use of wood for 35 years. Thanks ~Mike. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Elm wood is extremely valuable, since this type of wood is largely water-resistant. American Elm is especially susceptible to Dutch elm disease, and was ravaged by the fungal disease in the second half of the twentieth century. It's used today to construct agricultural implements and sporting goods, barrel staves, industrial flooring, and boxes and crates. Stability. gtag('config', 'AW-799896374'); He is extension specialist emeritus at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In North America, the American elm was the predominate tree. I remember the neighborhood kids splitting the seed open lengthwise about ½ inch and then sticking the propeller on our noses so we had a nose longer than Pinnochio! as does basswood. The mild drying schedules result in slightly more warp, so stacking must be perfect. The elm’s wood bends well, or distorts easily, depending on which way you look at the situation, and indeed the ‘wych’ in wych elm refers to its wood being pliant, and not to witches, who were said to shun elm trees. The American Elm can truly make for a remarkable style of flooring in the home. New approach drives change for California cabinet manufacturer, Wood Industry Market Leader: Wendy Scott, Boutique Closets and Cabinetry. Carry Elm to attract love. Planing can cause tearout and/or fuzzy surfaces. They are smaller, different type of leaf and seem to have a pretty short life span, maybe 35 to 40 years. American elm has a strength (MOR) of 11,800 psi, while rock elm has a strength of 14,800. Interlocked grain means that the lengthwise grain from year to year goes different directions instead of being perfectly vertical in the tree, basically intertwining. 'dimension8': '221521', Looks like elm to me, but it’s hard to say which type. I have been making tool boxes and cabinets from oak and ash. I agree that this wood is very smelly when wet, but dry boards don’t seem to have much of a smell. }); It was outside on blocks for about 2 years before milling. The interlocked grain results in machining defects if the feed is too rapid, knives are dull, or knife angles are poor (that is, knife is too slender). American Elm is especially susceptible to Dutch elm disease, and was ravaged by the fungal disease in the second half of the twentieth century. Comments: Once one of the largest and most prevalent of the North American elm species, preferred as an ideal shade tree for urban roadsides. //--> General Description: Ulmus fulva Michx. About wunderwoods Hi! Drying. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable; susceptible to insect attack. The wood of the hard elms (sometimes referred to as rock elm) generally range from 41 to 47 lbs/ft 3, while soft elms typically have a density from 35 to 38 lbs/ft 3. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. This characteristic made the wood largely unsuitable as a building material, nor does it make a good fuel. Time will tell. In the spring, the little propeller-like seeds would spin down. Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation. It was found in the underworld and at the crossroads leading to the faery world. The good news is that some fungal resistant trees seem to be located and could be used for breeding. Removal of American elm tree infected with Dutch elm disease. The wood is used in the manufacture of boxes, baskets, crates, barrels, furniture, agricultural imple-ments, and caskets. Elmwood has magnificent blendibility. I can remember elm streets that appeared like a dark tunnel when the elms on both sides of the street touched. Responds well to steam bending, and holds nails and screws well. The color of the heartwood ranges from light tan to warm brown with creamy, light sapwood. American Hardwood Timber Species Environment: It grows wild and sporadic in mixed hardwood forest formations. Various disease-resistant hybrids are out there, and their identification defies the usual distinguishing features of hard vs soft elms. 'dimension6': 'track', This one is 80 to 90 years old and will eventually be removed.